Two-Spirit is a term that encompasses a broad range of sexual and gender identities of Aboriginal peoples, including those who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer (LGBTQ). This paper, authored by Dr. Sarah Hunt, introduces the historical, contemporary and emergent issues related to Two-Spirit health. Integral to this discussion is that Two-Spirit health is understood within the context of colonialism and heteropatriarchy, as well as in the current resurgence of Two-Spirit peoples’ gender roles and sexual identities.
The paper includes six sections:
Two-spirit people are an underserved population. Improving their health and well-being requires that their voices, needs and identities are central to any Two-Spirit health initiatives, and that their experiences are included in Aboriginal health research, policy, and programming.
Intended as an introductory paper for health practitioners, Indigenous community members and researchers working in areas of Indigenous health, gender and sexuality, Hunt concludes with a listing of additional sources of information on Two-Spirit people and health, including educational resources, books and journals.